Last Updated: Monday, January 30, 2023
A high calcium and phosphorus source for better bone development and guarding against leg problems in broiler chicken and other farm animals and to improve the growth performance and gut histomorphology.
Monocalcium Phosphate 96%
- In spite of the remarkably rapid growth rate of broiler chickens, the undeniable issue regarding leg problems continues to cause economic losses in the broiler industry. This is due to the late development of bones compared to the fast development of muscles. Other than that, the pressure of the muscle weight on the bones also contributes to leg problems. Examples of common leg problems in broiler chicken are Valgus (VVD), crooked toes, tibial dyschondroplasia (TD), vertebral deformities, twisted legs, osteoporosis of the proximal femur, femoral head necrosis, rupture of the gastrocnemius tendon and rickets.
- According to statistical data, over 27.6% of birds at the mean age of 40 days showed poor locomotion and 3.3% were almost unable to walk. This is unsettling for the broiler industry, as the skeletal deformities have been observed to cause pain and movement problems, resulting in lameness of the bird, limited movement which leads to loss of appetite and low feed consumption, thus resulting poor growth rate, increased culling rate, increased fatality, and increased carcass condemnation and degrading at slaughter.
- In general, broiler chicken receives an inadequate amount of calcium and phosphorus. This is because the calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) from vegetable-based diet only fulfil 30% of the amount required by the body, and only half of it will be absorbed by the intestines. Supplementing inorganic source of calcium and phosphorus such as monocalcium phosphate (MCP) into the commercial diet are potentially favourable in providing the extra Ca and P needed by the body. Theoretically, properties of MCP include improvement of digestion and the efficiency of carbohydrate, protein, fat, mineral, and energy metabolism in the body.
- Birds supplemented with MCP showed significant increase in growth performance (body weight, body weight gain, and feed intake), gut histomorphology (villi height), and bone quality (bone weight, diaphysis diameter, medullary canal diameter, lateral wall thickness, medial wall thickness, and bone breaking strength).
- Supplementing MCP was found to increase the villus height in the jejunum and ileum.
- Researchers have found that the amount of Ca and P availability in MCP are higher than di- or tri sources.
- AMPHIMONOCAL-P powder is used as a high calcium and phosphorus source for broiler chicken to guard against skeletal and leg problems such as valgus-varus deformity (VVD), crooked toes, tibial dyschondroplasia (TD), vertebral deformities, twisted legs, osteoporosis of the proximal femur, femoral head necrosis, rupture of the gastrocnemius tendon and rickets.
- AMPHIMONOCAL-P powder may be used to guard against lameness of the bird and limited movement which results in loss of appetite and low feed consumption that finally cause poor growth rate, increased culling rate, increased fatality, and increased carcass condemnation and degrading at slaughter.
- AMPHIMONOCAL-P powder supplementation could be the key to reduce culling of lame broiler birds based on the positive effect on the growth performance, gut histomorphology and bone quality of broiler chickens without affecting the carcass characteristics and meat quality.
- AMPHIMONOCAL-P powder may be used in aquaculture to increase the growth performance of hybrid African catfish and mirror carp fishes respectively.